(data stored in ACNUC7421 zone)

SWISSPROT: GYRB_BACSU

ID   GYRB_BACSU              Reviewed;         638 AA.
AC   P05652;
DT   01-NOV-1988, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
DT   01-NOV-1988, sequence version 1.
DT   11-DEC-2019, entry version 151.
DE   RecName: Full=DNA gyrase subunit B {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898};
DE            EC=5.6.2.2 {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898};
GN   Name=gyrB {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898}; Synonyms=novA;
GN   OrderedLocusNames=BSU00060;
OS   Bacillus subtilis (strain 168).
OC   Bacteria; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Bacillales; Bacillaceae; Bacillus.
OX   NCBI_TaxID=224308;
RN   [1]
RP   NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
RX   PubMed=2987847; DOI=10.1093/nar/13.7.2251;
RA   Moriya S., Ogasawara N., Yoshikawa H.;
RT   "Structure and function of the region of the replication origin of the
RT   Bacillus subtilis chromosome. III. Nucleotide sequence of some 10,000 base
RT   pairs in the origin region.";
RL   Nucleic Acids Res. 13:2251-2265(1985).
RN   [2]
RP   NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
RC   STRAIN=168;
RX   PubMed=7584024; DOI=10.1093/dnares/1.1.1;
RA   Ogasawara N., Nakai S., Yoshikawa H.;
RT   "Systematic sequencing of the 180 kilobase region of the Bacillus subtilis
RT   chromosome containing the replication origin.";
RL   DNA Res. 1:1-14(1994).
RN   [3]
RP   NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
RC   STRAIN=168;
RX   PubMed=9384377; DOI=10.1038/36786;
RA   Kunst F., Ogasawara N., Moszer I., Albertini A.M., Alloni G., Azevedo V.,
RA   Bertero M.G., Bessieres P., Bolotin A., Borchert S., Borriss R.,
RA   Boursier L., Brans A., Braun M., Brignell S.C., Bron S., Brouillet S.,
RA   Bruschi C.V., Caldwell B., Capuano V., Carter N.M., Choi S.-K.,
RA   Codani J.-J., Connerton I.F., Cummings N.J., Daniel R.A., Denizot F.,
RA   Devine K.M., Duesterhoeft A., Ehrlich S.D., Emmerson P.T., Entian K.-D.,
RA   Errington J., Fabret C., Ferrari E., Foulger D., Fritz C., Fujita M.,
RA   Fujita Y., Fuma S., Galizzi A., Galleron N., Ghim S.-Y., Glaser P.,
RA   Goffeau A., Golightly E.J., Grandi G., Guiseppi G., Guy B.J., Haga K.,
RA   Haiech J., Harwood C.R., Henaut A., Hilbert H., Holsappel S., Hosono S.,
RA   Hullo M.-F., Itaya M., Jones L.-M., Joris B., Karamata D., Kasahara Y.,
RA   Klaerr-Blanchard M., Klein C., Kobayashi Y., Koetter P., Koningstein G.,
RA   Krogh S., Kumano M., Kurita K., Lapidus A., Lardinois S., Lauber J.,
RA   Lazarevic V., Lee S.-M., Levine A., Liu H., Masuda S., Mauel C.,
RA   Medigue C., Medina N., Mellado R.P., Mizuno M., Moestl D., Nakai S.,
RA   Noback M., Noone D., O'Reilly M., Ogawa K., Ogiwara A., Oudega B.,
RA   Park S.-H., Parro V., Pohl T.M., Portetelle D., Porwollik S.,
RA   Prescott A.M., Presecan E., Pujic P., Purnelle B., Rapoport G., Rey M.,
RA   Reynolds S., Rieger M., Rivolta C., Rocha E., Roche B., Rose M., Sadaie Y.,
RA   Sato T., Scanlan E., Schleich S., Schroeter R., Scoffone F., Sekiguchi J.,
RA   Sekowska A., Seror S.J., Serror P., Shin B.-S., Soldo B., Sorokin A.,
RA   Tacconi E., Takagi T., Takahashi H., Takemaru K., Takeuchi M.,
RA   Tamakoshi A., Tanaka T., Terpstra P., Tognoni A., Tosato V., Uchiyama S.,
RA   Vandenbol M., Vannier F., Vassarotti A., Viari A., Wambutt R., Wedler E.,
RA   Wedler H., Weitzenegger T., Winters P., Wipat A., Yamamoto H., Yamane K.,
RA   Yasumoto K., Yata K., Yoshida K., Yoshikawa H.-F., Zumstein E.,
RA   Yoshikawa H., Danchin A.;
RT   "The complete genome sequence of the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus
RT   subtilis.";
RL   Nature 390:249-256(1997).
CC   -!- FUNCTION: A type II topoisomerase that negatively supercoils closed
CC       circular double-stranded (ds) DNA in an ATP-dependent manner to
CC       modulate DNA topology and maintain chromosomes in an underwound state.
CC       Negative supercoiling favors strand separation, and DNA replication,
CC       transcription, recombination and repair, all of which involve strand
CC       separation. Also able to catalyze the interconversion of other
CC       topological isomers of dsDNA rings, including catenanes and knotted
CC       rings. Type II topoisomerases break and join 2 DNA strands
CC       simultaneously in an ATP-dependent manner. {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-
CC       Rule:MF_01898}.
CC   -!- CATALYTIC ACTIVITY:
CC       Reaction=ATP-dependent breakage, passage and rejoining of double-
CC         stranded DNA.; EC=5.6.2.2; Evidence={ECO:0000255|HAMAP-
CC         Rule:MF_01898};
CC   -!- COFACTOR:
CC       Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420;
CC         Evidence={ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898};
CC       Name=Mn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29035;
CC         Evidence={ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898};
CC       Name=Ca(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29108;
CC         Evidence={ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898};
CC       Note=Binds two Mg(2+) per subunit. The magnesium ions form salt bridges
CC       with both the protein and the DNA. Can also accept other divalent metal
CC       cations, such as Mn(2+) or Ca(2+). {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898};
CC   -!- SUBUNIT: Heterotetramer, composed of two GyrA and two GyrB chains. In
CC       the heterotetramer, GyrA contains the active site tyrosine that forms a
CC       transient covalent intermediate with DNA, while GyrB binds cofactors
CC       and catalyzes ATP hydrolysis. {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898}.
CC   -!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cytoplasm {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898}.
CC   -!- MISCELLANEOUS: Few gyrases are as efficient as E.coli at forming
CC       negative supercoils. Not all organisms have 2 type II topoisomerases;
CC       in organisms with a single type II topoisomerase this enzyme also has
CC       to decatenate newly replicated chromosomes. {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-
CC       Rule:MF_01898}.
CC   -!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the type II topoisomerase GyrB family.
CC       {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898}.
DR   EMBL; X02369; CAA26221.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
DR   EMBL; D26185; BAA05242.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
DR   EMBL; AL009126; CAB11782.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
DR   PIR; E22930; E22930.
DR   RefSeq; NP_387887.1; NC_000964.3.
DR   RefSeq; WP_003226808.1; NZ_JNCM01000034.1.
DR   SMR; P05652; -.
DR   STRING; 224308.BSU00060; -.
DR   BindingDB; P05652; -.
DR   jPOST; P05652; -.
DR   PaxDb; P05652; -.
DR   PRIDE; P05652; -.
DR   EnsemblBacteria; CAB11782; CAB11782; BSU00060.
DR   GeneID; 939456; -.
DR   KEGG; bsu:BSU00060; -.
DR   PATRIC; fig|224308.179.peg.6; -.
DR   eggNOG; ENOG4105C7D; Bacteria.
DR   eggNOG; COG0187; LUCA.
DR   HOGENOM; HOG000075156; -.
DR   InParanoid; P05652; -.
DR   KO; K02470; -.
DR   OMA; LWETTMH; -.
DR   PhylomeDB; P05652; -.
DR   BioCyc; BSUB:BSU00060-MONOMER; -.
DR   Proteomes; UP000001570; Chromosome.
DR   GO; GO:0005694; C:chromosome; IEA:InterPro.
DR   GO; GO:0005737; C:cytoplasm; IEA:UniProtKB-SubCell.
DR   GO; GO:0005524; F:ATP binding; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
DR   GO; GO:0003677; F:DNA binding; IEA:UniProtKB-KW.
DR   GO; GO:0003918; F:DNA topoisomerase type II (double strand cut, ATP-hydrolyzing) activity; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
DR   GO; GO:0046872; F:metal ion binding; IEA:UniProtKB-KW.
DR   GO; GO:0006265; P:DNA topological change; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
DR   GO; GO:0006261; P:DNA-dependent DNA replication; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
DR   CDD; cd03366; TOPRIM_TopoIIA_GyrB; 1.
DR   Gene3D; 3.30.230.10; -; 1.
DR   Gene3D; 3.30.565.10; -; 1.
DR   Gene3D; 3.40.50.670; -; 1.
DR   HAMAP; MF_01898; GyrB; 1.
DR   InterPro; IPR002288; DNA_gyrase_B_C.
DR   InterPro; IPR011557; GyrB.
DR   InterPro; IPR003594; HATPase_C.
DR   InterPro; IPR036890; HATPase_C_sf.
DR   InterPro; IPR020568; Ribosomal_S5_D2-typ_fold.
DR   InterPro; IPR014721; Ribosomal_S5_D2-typ_fold_subgr.
DR   InterPro; IPR001241; Topo_IIA.
DR   InterPro; IPR013760; Topo_IIA-like_dom_sf.
DR   InterPro; IPR013759; Topo_IIA_B_C.
DR   InterPro; IPR013506; Topo_IIA_bsu_dom2.
DR   InterPro; IPR018522; TopoIIA_CS.
DR   InterPro; IPR006171; TOPRIM_domain.
DR   InterPro; IPR034160; TOPRIM_GyrB.
DR   Pfam; PF00204; DNA_gyraseB; 1.
DR   Pfam; PF00986; DNA_gyraseB_C; 1.
DR   Pfam; PF02518; HATPase_c; 1.
DR   Pfam; PF01751; Toprim; 1.
DR   SMART; SM00387; HATPase_c; 1.
DR   SMART; SM00433; TOP2c; 1.
DR   SUPFAM; SSF54211; SSF54211; 1.
DR   SUPFAM; SSF55874; SSF55874; 1.
DR   SUPFAM; SSF56719; SSF56719; 1.
DR   TIGRFAMs; TIGR01059; gyrB; 1.
DR   PROSITE; PS00177; TOPOISOMERASE_II; 1.
DR   PROSITE; PS50880; TOPRIM; 1.
PE   3: Inferred from homology;
DR   PRODOM; P05652.
DR   SWISS-2DPAGE; P05652.
KW   ATP-binding; Cytoplasm; DNA-binding; Isomerase; Magnesium; Metal-binding;
KW   Nucleotide-binding; Reference proteome; Topoisomerase.
FT   CHAIN           1..638
FT                   /note="DNA gyrase subunit B"
FT                   /id="PRO_0000145294"
FT   DOMAIN          422..536
FT                   /note="Toprim"
FT                   /evidence="ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898"
FT   METAL           428
FT                   /note="Magnesium 1; catalytic"
FT                   /evidence="ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898"
FT   METAL           501
FT                   /note="Magnesium 1; catalytic"
FT                   /evidence="ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898"
FT   METAL           501
FT                   /note="Magnesium 2"
FT                   /evidence="ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898"
FT   METAL           503
FT                   /note="Magnesium 2"
FT                   /evidence="ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898"
FT   SITE            453
FT                   /note="Interaction with DNA"
FT                   /evidence="ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898"
FT   SITE            456
FT                   /note="Interaction with DNA"
FT                   /evidence="ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01898"
SQ   SEQUENCE   638 AA;  71504 MW;  F84F9D3B084F6118 CRC64;
     MEQQQNSYDE NQIQVLEGLE AVRKRPGMYI GSTNSKGLHH LVWEIVDNSI DEALAGYCTD
     INIQIEKDNS ITVVDNGRGI PVGIHEKMGR PAVEVIMTVL HAGGKFDGSG YKVSGGLHGV
     GASVVNALST ELDVTVHRDG KIHRQTYKRG VPVTDLEIIG ETDHTGTTTH FVPDPEIFSE
     TTEYDYDLLA NRVRELAFLT KGVNITIEDK REGQERKNEY HYEGGIKSYV EYLNRSKEVV
     HEEPIYIEGE KDGITVEVAL QYNDSYTSNI YSFTNNINTY EGGTHEAGFK TGLTRVINDY
     ARKKGLIKEN DPNLSGDDVR EGLTAIISIK HPDPQFEGQT KTKLGNSEAR TITDTLFSTA
     METFMLENPD AAKKIVDKGL MAARARMAAK KARELTRRKS ALEISNLPGK LADCSSKDPS
     ISELYIVEGD SAGGSAKQGR DRHFQAILPL RGKILNVEKA RLDKILSNNE VRSMITALGT
     GIGEDFNLEK ARYHKVVIMT DADVDGAHIR TLLLTFFYRY MRQIIENGYV YIAQPPLYKV
     QQGKRVEYAY NDKELEELLK TLPQTPKPGL QRYKGLGEMN ATQLWETTMD PSSRTLLQVT
     LEDAMDADET FEMLMGDKVE PRRNFIEANA RYVKNLDI
//

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