(data stored in ACNUC30630 zone)

SWISSPROT: PSD_MYCA9

ID   PSD_MYCA9               Reviewed;         237 AA.
AC   B1MH53;
DT   14-APR-2009, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
DT   29-APR-2008, sequence version 1.
DT   11-DEC-2019, entry version 73.
DE   RecName: Full=Phosphatidylserine decarboxylase proenzyme {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664};
DE            EC=4.1.1.65 {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664};
DE   Contains:
DE     RecName: Full=Phosphatidylserine decarboxylase alpha chain {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664};
DE   Contains:
DE     RecName: Full=Phosphatidylserine decarboxylase beta chain {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664};
GN   Name=psd {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664}; OrderedLocusNames=MAB_0639c;
OS   Mycobacteroides abscessus (strain ATCC 19977 / DSM 44196 / CIP 104536 / JCM
OS   13569 / NCTC 13031 / TMC 1543) (Mycobacterium abscessus).
OC   Bacteria; Actinobacteria; Corynebacteriales; Mycobacteriaceae;
OC   Mycobacteroides; Mycobacteroides abscessus.
OX   NCBI_TaxID=561007;
RN   [1]
RP   NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
RC   STRAIN=ATCC 19977 / DSM 44196 / CIP 104536 / JCM 13569 / NCTC 13031 / TMC
RC   1543;
RX   PubMed=19543527; DOI=10.1371/journal.pone.0005660;
RA   Ripoll F., Pasek S., Schenowitz C., Dossat C., Barbe V., Rottman M.,
RA   Macheras E., Heym B., Herrmann J.L., Daffe M., Brosch R., Risler J.L.,
RA   Gaillard J.L.;
RT   "Non mycobacterial virulence genes in the genome of the emerging pathogen
RT   Mycobacterium abscessus.";
RL   PLoS ONE 4:E5660-E5660(2009).
CC   -!- FUNCTION: Catalyzes the formation of phosphatidylethanolamine (PtdEtn)
CC       from phosphatidylserine (PtdSer). {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664}.
CC   -!- CATALYTIC ACTIVITY:
CC       Reaction=1,2-diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-L-serine + H(+) = a 1,2-
CC         diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine + CO2; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:20828,
CC         ChEBI:CHEBI:15378, ChEBI:CHEBI:16526, ChEBI:CHEBI:57262,
CC         ChEBI:CHEBI:64612; EC=4.1.1.65; Evidence={ECO:0000255|HAMAP-
CC         Rule:MF_00664};
CC   -!- COFACTOR:
CC       Name=pyruvate; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:15361;
CC         Evidence={ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664};
CC       Note=Binds 1 pyruvoyl group covalently per subunit. {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-
CC       Rule:MF_00664};
CC   -!- PATHWAY: Phospholipid metabolism; phosphatidylethanolamine
CC       biosynthesis; phosphatidylethanolamine from CDP-diacylglycerol: step
CC       2/2. {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664}.
CC   -!- SUBUNIT: Heterodimer of a large membrane-associated beta subunit and a
CC       small pyruvoyl-containing alpha subunit. {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-
CC       Rule:MF_00664}.
CC   -!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cell membrane {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664};
CC       Peripheral membrane protein {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664}.
CC   -!- PTM: Is synthesized initially as an inactive proenzyme. Formation of
CC       the active enzyme involves a self-maturation process in which the
CC       active site pyruvoyl group is generated from an internal serine residue
CC       via an autocatalytic post-translational modification. Two non-identical
CC       subunits are generated from the proenzyme in this reaction, and the
CC       pyruvate is formed at the N-terminus of the alpha chain, which is
CC       derived from the carboxyl end of the proenzyme. The post-translation
CC       cleavage follows an unusual pathway, termed non-hydrolytic serinolysis,
CC       in which the side chain hydroxyl group of the serine supplies its
CC       oxygen atom to form the C-terminus of the beta chain, while the
CC       remainder of the serine residue undergoes an oxidative deamination to
CC       produce ammonia and the pyruvoyl prosthetic group on the alpha chain.
CC       {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664}.
CC   -!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the phosphatidylserine decarboxylase family.
CC       PSD-A subfamily. {ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664}.
DR   EMBL; CU458896; CAM60737.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
DR   PRIDE; B1MH53; -.
DR   EnsemblBacteria; CAM60737; CAM60737; MAB_0639c.
DR   eggNOG; ENOG41071I4; Bacteria.
DR   eggNOG; COG0688; LUCA.
DR   HOGENOM; HOG000229359; -.
DR   OMA; VSIFMSP; -.
DR   UniPathway; UPA00558; UER00616.
DR   Proteomes; UP000007137; Chromosome.
DR   GO; GO:0005886; C:plasma membrane; IEA:UniProtKB-SubCell.
DR   GO; GO:0004609; F:phosphatidylserine decarboxylase activity; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
DR   GO; GO:0006646; P:phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthetic process; IEA:UniProtKB-UniPathway.
DR   HAMAP; MF_00664; PS_decarb_PSD_A; 1.
DR   InterPro; IPR003817; PS_Dcarbxylase.
DR   InterPro; IPR033175; PSD-A.
DR   PANTHER; PTHR35809; PTHR35809; 1.
DR   Pfam; PF02666; PS_Dcarbxylase; 1.
DR   TIGRFAMs; TIGR00164; PS_decarb_rel; 1.
PE   3: Inferred from homology;
DR   PRODOM; B1MH53.
DR   SWISS-2DPAGE; B1MH53.
KW   Cell membrane; Decarboxylase; Lipid biosynthesis; Lipid metabolism; Lyase;
KW   Membrane; Phospholipid biosynthesis; Phospholipid metabolism; Pyruvate;
KW   Zymogen.
FT   CHAIN           1..205
FT                   /note="Phosphatidylserine decarboxylase beta chain"
FT                   /evidence="ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664"
FT                   /id="PRO_1000131470"
FT   CHAIN           206..237
FT                   /note="Phosphatidylserine decarboxylase alpha chain"
FT                   /evidence="ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664"
FT                   /id="PRO_1000131471"
FT   ACT_SITE        206
FT                   /note="Schiff-base intermediate with substrate; via pyruvic
FT                   acid"
FT                   /evidence="ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664"
FT   SITE            205..206
FT                   /note="Cleavage (non-hydrolytic); by autocatalysis"
FT                   /evidence="ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664"
FT   MOD_RES         206
FT                   /note="Pyruvic acid (Ser); by autocatalysis"
FT                   /evidence="ECO:0000255|HAMAP-Rule:MF_00664"
SQ   SEQUENCE   237 AA;  25021 MW;  0E2245C45E321380 CRC64;
     MARRPRPAGS EPDSGIPHIV ELVRSTIPPI HPAGLPFIAG GLGLAGLGVR NRWVRGTGLA
     LAGACAGFFR HPPRVPPNRA DVVVAAADGQ VCLVDRAVPP PELGLPAEPL PRISIFLSVF
     DVHVQRVPVA GEATAVIHRS GQFLSADRAE ASVANERNSV QIRTRTGHDV IVVQIAGLIA
     RRIVCHAKVG DQLSIGDTYG LIRFGSRVDT YLPEGSKILV QQGQRAVGAE TVLAELP
//

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