(data stored in SCRATCH zone)

SWISSPROT: D5UPB2_TSUPD

ID   D5UPB2_TSUPD            Unreviewed;       837 AA.
AC   D5UPB2;
DT   13-JUL-2010, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL.
DT   13-JUL-2010, sequence version 1.
DT   08-MAY-2019, entry version 63.
DE   RecName: Full=DNA gyrase subunit A {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01897};
DE            EC=5.6.2.3 {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01897};
GN   Name=gyrA {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01897};
GN   OrderedLocusNames=Tpau_0010 {ECO:0000313|EMBL:ADG76664.1};
OS   Tsukamurella paurometabola (strain ATCC 8368 / DSM 20162 / JCM 10117 /
OS   NBRC 16120 / NCTC 13040) (Corynebacterium paurometabolum).
OC   Bacteria; Actinobacteria; Corynebacteriales; Tsukamurellaceae;
OC   Tsukamurella.
OX   NCBI_TaxID=521096 {ECO:0000313|EMBL:ADG76664.1, ECO:0000313|Proteomes:UP000001213};
RN   [1] {ECO:0000313|Proteomes:UP000001213}
RP   NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
RC   STRAIN=ATCC 8368 / DSM 20162 / JCM 10117 / NBRC 16120 / NCTC 13040
RC   {ECO:0000313|Proteomes:UP000001213};
RG   US DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI-PGF);
RA   Lucas S., Copeland A., Lapidus A., Glavina del Rio T., Dalin E.,
RA   Tice H., Bruce D., Goodwin L., Pitluck S., Kyrpides N., Mavromatis K.,
RA   Ivanova N., Mikhailova N., Munk A.C., Brettin T., Detter J.C.,
RA   Tapia R., Han C., Larimer F., Land M., Hauser L., Markowitz V.,
RA   Cheng J.-F., Hugenholtz P., Woyke T., Wu D., Jando M., Brambilla E.,
RA   Klenk H.-P., Eisen J.A.;
RT   "The complete chromosome of Tsukamurella paurometabola DSM 20162.";
RL   Submitted (MAR-2010) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
RN   [2] {ECO:0000313|EMBL:ADG76664.1, ECO:0000313|Proteomes:UP000001213}
RP   NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
RC   STRAIN=ATCC 8368 / DSM 20162 / JCM 10117 / NBRC 16120 / NCTC 13040
RC   {ECO:0000313|Proteomes:UP000001213};
RX   PubMed=21886861;
RA   Munk A.C., Lapidus A., Lucas S., Nolan M., Tice H., Cheng J.F.,
RA   Del Rio T.G., Goodwin L., Pitluck S., Liolios K., Huntemann M.,
RA   Ivanova N., Mavromatis K., Mikhailova N., Pati A., Chen A.,
RA   Palaniappan K., Tapia R., Han C., Land M., Hauser L., Chang Y.J.,
RA   Jeffries C.D., Brettin T., Yasawong M., Brambilla E.M., Rohde M.,
RA   Sikorski J., Goker M., Detter J.C., Woyke T., Bristow J., Eisen J.A.,
RA   Markowitz V., Hugenholtz P., Kyrpides N.C., Klenk H.P.;
RT   "Complete genome sequence of Tsukamurella paurometabola type strain
RT   (no. 33).";
RL   Stand. Genomic Sci. 4:342-351(2011).
CC   -!- FUNCTION: A type II topoisomerase that negatively supercoils
CC       closed circular double-stranded (ds) DNA in an ATP-dependent
CC       manner to modulate DNA topology and maintain chromosomes in an
CC       underwound state. Negative supercoiling favors strand separation,
CC       and DNA replication, transcription, recombination and repair, all
CC       of which involve strand separation. Also able to catalyze the
CC       interconversion of other topological isomers of dsDNA rings,
CC       including catenanes and knotted rings. Type II topoisomerases
CC       break and join 2 DNA strands simultaneously in an ATP-dependent
CC       manner. {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01897}.
CC   -!- CATALYTIC ACTIVITY:
CC       Reaction=ATP-dependent breakage, passage and rejoining of double-
CC         stranded DNA.; EC=5.6.2.3; Evidence={ECO:0000256|HAMAP-
CC         Rule:MF_01897, ECO:0000256|SAAS:SAAS01173059};
CC   -!- SUBUNIT: Heterotetramer, composed of two GyrA and two GyrB chains.
CC       In the heterotetramer, GyrA contains the active site tyrosine that
CC       forms a transient covalent intermediate with DNA, while GyrB binds
CC       cofactors and catalyzes ATP hydrolysis. {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-
CC       Rule:MF_01897}.
CC   -!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cytoplasm {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01897}.
CC   -!- MISCELLANEOUS: Few gyrases are as efficient as E.coli at forming
CC       negative supercoils. Not all organisms have 2 type II
CC       topoisomerases; in organisms with a single type II topoisomerase
CC       this enzyme also has to decatenate newly replicated chromosomes.
CC       {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01897}.
CC   -!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the topoisomerase GyrA/ParC subunit family.
CC       {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01897}.
CC   -!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the type II topoisomerase GyrA/ParC subunit
CC       family. {ECO:0000256|SAAS:SAAS01062860}.
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DR   EMBL; CP001966; ADG76664.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
DR   RefSeq; WP_013124719.1; NC_014158.1.
DR   STRING; 521096.Tpau_0010; -.
DR   EnsemblBacteria; ADG76664; ADG76664; Tpau_0010.
DR   KEGG; tpr:Tpau_0010; -.
DR   eggNOG; ENOG4105C24; Bacteria.
DR   eggNOG; COG0188; LUCA.
DR   HOGENOM; HOG000076278; -.
DR   KO; K02469; -.
DR   OMA; THHWLLF; -.
DR   OrthoDB; 217468at2; -.
DR   BioCyc; TPAU521096:G1GKO-10-MONOMER; -.
DR   Proteomes; UP000001213; Chromosome.
DR   GO; GO:0005694; C:chromosome; IEA:InterPro.
DR   GO; GO:0005737; C:cytoplasm; IEA:UniProtKB-SubCell.
DR   GO; GO:0005524; F:ATP binding; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
DR   GO; GO:0003677; F:DNA binding; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
DR   GO; GO:0003918; F:DNA topoisomerase type II (ATP-hydrolyzing) activity; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
DR   GO; GO:0006265; P:DNA topological change; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
DR   GO; GO:0006261; P:DNA-dependent DNA replication; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
DR   CDD; cd00187; TOP4c; 1.
DR   Gene3D; 1.10.268.10; -; 1.
DR   Gene3D; 2.120.10.90; -; 1.
DR   Gene3D; 3.90.199.10; -; 1.
DR   HAMAP; MF_01897; GyrA; 1.
DR   InterPro; IPR005743; GyrA.
DR   InterPro; IPR006691; GyrA/parC_rep.
DR   InterPro; IPR035516; Gyrase/topoIV_suA_C.
DR   InterPro; IPR013760; Topo_IIA-like_dom_sf.
DR   InterPro; IPR002205; Topo_IIA_A/C.
DR   InterPro; IPR013758; Topo_IIA_A/C_ab.
DR   InterPro; IPR013757; Topo_IIA_A_a_sf.
DR   Pfam; PF03989; DNA_gyraseA_C; 6.
DR   Pfam; PF00521; DNA_topoisoIV; 1.
DR   SMART; SM00434; TOP4c; 1.
DR   SUPFAM; SSF101904; SSF101904; 1.
DR   SUPFAM; SSF56719; SSF56719; 1.
PE   3: Inferred from homology;
DR   PRODOM; D5UPB2.
DR   SWISS-2DPAGE; D5UPB2.
KW   ATP-binding {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01897,
KW   ECO:0000256|SAAS:SAAS01062880}; Coiled coil {ECO:0000256|SAM:Coils};
KW   Complete proteome {ECO:0000313|Proteomes:UP000001213};
KW   Cytoplasm {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01897};
KW   DNA-binding {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01897,
KW   ECO:0000256|SAAS:SAAS01062879};
KW   Isomerase {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01897,
KW   ECO:0000256|SAAS:SAAS00972514, ECO:0000313|EMBL:ADG76664.1};
KW   Nucleotide-binding {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01897,
KW   ECO:0000256|SAAS:SAAS01062871};
KW   Reference proteome {ECO:0000313|Proteomes:UP000001213};
KW   Topoisomerase {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01897,
KW   ECO:0000256|SAAS:SAAS00974554}.
FT   DOMAIN       19    477       TOP4c. {ECO:0000259|SMART:SM00434}.
FT   COILED      442    476       {ECO:0000256|SAM:Coils}.
FT   MOTIF       538    544       GyrA-box. {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:
FT                                MF_01897}.
FT   ACT_SITE    130    130       O-(5'-phospho-DNA)-tyrosine intermediate.
FT                                {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_01897}.
SQ   SEQUENCE   837 AA;  92624 MW;  E334B589BBC63623 CRC64;
     MTDTTPPTET GGHDRIEPVD IQQEMQRSYI DYAMSVIVGR ALPEVRDGMK PVQRRILYAS
     YDAGYRPDRS YVKSAKPVAE TMGNYHPHGD SAIYDALVRL AQPWSMRYPL IDGQGNFGSP
     GNDPAAAMRY TEARLTPLAM EMLRGIDQET VDFAPNYDGK TQEPTVLPAR VPNLLMNGSG
     GIAVGMATNI PPHNLREIAE AVFWCLENYD ADSEATLEAC MERVKGPDFP THGLIVGGQG
     IKDAYSTGRG SIRMRGVVEV EEDSKGATEL VITELPYQVN PDNLVLSIAE QVRDGKIAGI
     SKIEDQSSDR VGMRIVVRLK RDAVAKVVLN NLYKHSQLQT SFGANMLSIV DGVPRTLRLD
     QMIRYYVAHQ LDVIVRRTKF LLRKAEERAH ILRGLVKALD ALDEVIALIR ASQTTEIART
     GLMELLDVDE LQANAILDMQ LRKLAALERQ KIIDELAEIE REIADLKDIL DKPERQRAIV
     RDELGEIVEK FGDDRRTKII AADGDVTDED LIAREDVVVT ITETGYAKRT KTDLYRSQKR
     GGKGVKGADL KQDDIVRHFF VCSTHDWILF FTTKGRVYRA KAYELPEQSR TARGQHVANL
     LAFQPEERIA QVIQIKGYDD APYLVLATKN GLVKKSRLED FDSNRSGGIV AINLRDEDEL
     VGAALVSSED DLLLVSKNAQ SIRFSATDEA LRPMGRATSG VQGMRFNGDD QLLALNVVQE
     DTYLLVATSG GYAKRTAMDD YPVQGRGGKG VLTIQFDPKR GDLVGALIVN DETELYAITS
     GGGVIRTAAR QVRKAGRQTK GVRLMNLGEG TTLLAIARNA DETDETSDET EQATTEE
//

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