nVennR provides an R interface to the nVenn algorithm. This vignette intends to illustrate three basic uses of nVennR:

- Create Venn and Euler diagrams
- Generate and customize high-quality figures to depict the diagram
- Explore the regions of the diagram

There are two ways to create a Venn diagram object (`nVennObj`

), which will be referenced as high-level (by providing intersecting lists) and low-level (from scratch).

The most common use for a package like nVennR is to depict the relationships between several intersecting lists. The main function for this task is `plotVenn`

. The input is a list of vectors (or lists) describing each set. The name of each inner vector will be used for labeling. If inner vectors are not named, labels can be provided as a vector with `sNames`

. Empty names will be filled with `GroupN`

. Examples:

```
library(nVennR)
exampledf
#> Employee SAS Python R
#> 1 A001 Y Y Y
#> 2 A002 N Y Y
#> 3 A003 Y Y N
#> 4 A004 Y Y Y
#> 5 A005 Y N N
#> 6 A006 Y N Y
#> 7 A007 N N N
#> 8 A008 Y N N
#> 9 A009 N N Y
#> 10 A010 N N Y
#> 11 A011 Y Y Y
#> 12 A012 Y Y Y
#> 13 A013 Y N Y
#> 14 A014 Y N Y
#> 15 A015 N N Y
#> 16 A016 N N Y
#> 17 A017 N Y N
#> 18 A018 N Y N
sas <- subset(exampledf, SAS == "Y")$Employee
python <- subset(exampledf, Python == "Y")$Employee
rr <- subset(exampledf, R == "Y")$Employee
myV <- plotVenn(list(SAS=sas, PYTHON=python, R=rr), nCycles = 2000)
```

The number of sets is arbitrary. For more than five sets, the default 7000 simulation cycles may not be enough. You can set a different number of cycles with `nCycles`

, or you can run the simulation repeatedly by providing the returned `nVennObj`

to `plotVenn`

. Repeated execution is encouraged, as long simulations are resource-intensive. Also, the nVenn algorithm lowers the speed of the simulation if the topology of the diagram fails. Running it a second time as shown below can recover resets the speed of the simulations, and sometimes makes it significantly faster.

Users can also build an nVennObj from scratch. Most of the time, this will not be useful, but it might have some theoretical applications. For instance, let us get a five-set Venn diagram (in Venn diagrams, all the regions are shown). With the high-level procedure, we would need five sets with all the possible intersections. Instead, we can use `createVennObj`

:

```
myV3 <- createVennObj(nSets = 5, sSizes = c(rep(1, 32)))
myV3 <- plotVenn(nVennObj = myV3, nCycles = 5000)
myV3 <- plotVenn(nVennObj = myV3, nCycles = 5000)
```

The `sSizes`

vector contains the values of each region of the diagram. From the help,

To understand the order of the regions, one can think of a region as a binary number. Each bit tells whether the region belongs (1) or not (0) to a given set. For instance, with 4 sets we have 4 bits. The number 7 with 4 bits is 0111, which describes a region belonging to sets 2, 3, and 4 and not to set 1. To pass the values of the regions, those values are sorted according to the number describing the region. Thus, with four sets, the first element corresponds to region 0 (0000), the second to region 1 (0001), the third to region 2 (0010), â€¦ The last corresponds to region 15 (1111), which belongs to all the sets.

You can also read more than you want to know about this procedure here and here.

After creating `myV3`

, we can manipulate the size of each region separately with the `setVennRegion`

function:

Once an nVennObj has been created, you can generate the corresponding figure with `plotVenn`

, as shown in previous examples. If you are happy with the layout of the diagram, you do not need to run the simulation again to tweak the figure. This is better achieved with `showSVG`

. At its present form, with `showSVG`

you can change the colors and opacity of the sets, the width of the set borders and the font sizes of the labels. Opacity and border width are easy to understand:

Set colors are provided as a vector, with one color per set. Colors are expressed in an SVG CSS compatible form. Please, be aware that these expressions are not evaluated. If you provide wrong colors, the SVG rendering will fail.

There are two types of labels: `size labels`

(large numbers) and `region labels`

(smaller numbers in parentheses). They can be hidden by setting `showNumbers`

and `labelRegions`

to false, respectively. The font size for `size labels`

is double the font size of `region labels`

. In this version on `nVennR`

, this ratio is fixed, but the sizes can be manipulated with `fontScale`

. The number provided multiplies the default font size of the labels. Numbers larger than 2 are discouraged, as labels can overlap in the figure.

You can set the default graphic device to export the figure generated by `showSVG`

. If you set this device to a bitmap (e. g., with `png()`

) you should set the width and height to get a good resolution. If you have experience with vector formats, you can edit the figure to suit your needs. Setting `systemShow`

to true will attempt to open the SVG figure in your default editor (e. g., `InkScape`

). You can also provide a file name with the `outFile`

option.

Finally, `showSVG`

is called from `plotVenn`

at the end of each simulation. That call receives any extra parameter sent to `plotVenn`

, and therefore you can directly manipulate the appearance of the result:

Finally, one can explore the diagram using a couple of functions. Obviously, these functions cannot be used with objects generated through low-level functions.

This function lists the elements belonging to a given region. The region is expressed as in `setVennRegion`

:

This function returns a list of all the regions in the diagram. In turn, each region contains a list of the elements in it. If you want to see a complete list, including empty regions, set `na.rm`

to `FALSE`

.

```
listVennRegions(myV4)
#> $`0, 0, 1 (c)`
#> [1] 6
#>
#> $`0, 1, 0 (b)`
#> [1] 4 5
#>
#> $`1, 0, 0 (a)`
#> [1] 2
#>
#> $`1, 0, 1 (a, c)`
#> [1] 1
#>
#> $`1, 1, 1 (a, b, c)`
#> [1] 3
listVennRegions(myV4, na.rm = F)
#> $`0, 0, 0 ()`
#> [1] NA
#>
#> $`0, 0, 1 (c)`
#> [1] 6
#>
#> $`0, 1, 0 (b)`
#> [1] 4 5
#>
#> $`0, 1, 1 (b, c)`
#> [1] NA
#>
#> $`1, 0, 0 (a)`
#> [1] 2
#>
#> $`1, 0, 1 (a, c)`
#> [1] 1
#>
#> $`1, 1, 0 (a, b)`
#> [1] NA
#>
#> $`1, 1, 1 (a, b, c)`
#> [1] 3
```